Food Truck Insurance: An Overview of The Types of Insurance You Need

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The typical insurance package needed by a food truck business should include commercial auto liability, general liability, business and personal property insurance, workers compensation, unemployment insurance, umbrella liability or excess liability, and additional insured certificates if the owner of the food truck plans on joining food truck events regardless if hosted by a private events planner  or a local government agency.

Many insurance companies have an insurance package for food truck owners. The cost of insuring your food truck business  would depend on several factors such as:

  • Your annual gross sales
  • Value of your business personal property
  • Type of food truck

The insurance could cost as low as $300 or go much higher depending on the value of your equipment, number of employees, location, and gross sales.

Insurance Difference for Food Trailers and Food Trucks

There is a difference in insurance requirements for trailers and trucks. This is because the trailer needs a vehicle to tow it while a truck doesn’t. Thus, a trailer insurance will not be acceptable for a food truck operation and assuming that a trailer is automatically covered by the insurance of the vehicle towing is would be wrong especially if the trailer is to be used for business purposes.

Using a trailer for your food truck business is best covered by a commercial auto policy and the policy should be treated as a business insurance policy. However, if you plan on using your personal car to tow the trailer, it is imperative that you inform the insurance provider so they can increase your liability and add it as a business use endorsement. Otherwise, you risk being denied any claim should it ever get to this point. For commercial auto liability, the minimum limit is $1,000,000 unlike personal coverage which can be booked for much lower.

Another benefit to having a commercial auto policy is the option to buy Excess Liability which is demanded by some parties who rent out private or public land for events. This kind of coverage is not available under a personal auto policy.

Factors To Consider When Setting Up A Food Truck Business

The food truck business began way back in the late 1990s or even earlier but was never seriously taken because people just didn’t want to buy food from a truck. Today however, the food truck business is off the charts. It is exciting, “new,” interesting, and you actually have legitimate chefs manning the truck ovens. Perhaps the TV cooking shows contributed to its acceptance into the mainstream food industry or the fact that many are now willing to buy from food trucks because the food prices are cheaper and the choices are varied. Whatever the reason may be food trucks are here to stay and they are getting bolder, quirkier, and more popular.

In setting up a food truck business, you have to consider these factors:

Licensing and Permits

Each city has its own requirements and policies for a food truck. The license is given once a year. If you apply for your license in July, it covers the calendar year; not July to the following July. This is one reason not many new food trucks or businesses are set up in the last quarter of the year. Permits are different because it is treated like a franchise and in some cities like New York, the permits give to food trucks can be for as long as 15 years.

Most cities have a fixed number of food truck permits that they can issue. This is because the trucks can clog up the streets and cause traffic to get worse. It can also upset the restaurant business which is not something the city government would want to happen.

Buying A Food Truck

A food truck can cost as much $75,000 to $100,000 if brand new and much lower if you can find one that is used. Used trucks will need to be refurbished and updated. The cost of the food truck is high because of the requirements from the health department. Food trucks are categorized alongside restaurants so you will need industrial ovens and other kitchen equipment manufactured for restaurants. You can’t buy home appliances and try to create a kitchen in a truck. You will not get approved.


You will need to find an insurance company offering modified standard car insurance. The food truck is a business on wheels so a detailed inventory of what you have inside your food truck will have to be taken into consideration. Naturally, the insurance premium will be higher because of the nature of your business.

Health and Sanitation

Food trucks have to be inspected by quite a number of state and local agencies but the standards are different per city. For example, Los Angeles food trucks need to park within 200 feet of a public bathroom so the food truck workers can wash up. In parts of Nevada, all the workers in food trucks have to be certified food handlers while in New York, food trucks do not have to comply with the same letter grade requirements as restaurants. Overall though, food trucks must pass a sanitation exam, have hot and cold running water, proper waste disposal system, and a fridge.

Food trucks are also not allowed to clutter up the sidewalk with tables, chairs, waste bins, boxes, etc. They must have storage facilities inside the truck. They cannot emit smells of rotting vegetables, seafood, and other kitchen odors except for the usual smell of cooked food.

Designated Areas for Street Parking

Finally, food trucks must follow city ordinances on where they can go to sell their food. They are given specific areas where they can park. Some food truck businesses opt to rent out space in a parking lot instead of having to compete with other food trucks in the area. Aside from day parking, food truck owners have to make they have the garage to park their truck at night so it does not obstruct access or be tempting to thieves and graffiti fanatics.